- News Home
17 April 2014 12:48 pm ,
Vol. 344 ,
Officials last week revealed that the U.S. contribution to ITER could cost $3.9 billion by 2034—roughly four times the...
An experimental hepatitis B drug that looked safe in animal trials tragically killed five of 15 patients in 1993. Now,...
Using the two high-quality genomes that exist for Neandertals and Denisovans, researchers find clues to gene activity...
A new report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) concludes that humanity has done little to slow...
Astronomers have discovered an Earth-sized planet in the habitable zone of a red dwarf—a star cooler than the sun—500...
Three years ago, Jennifer Francis of Rutgers University proposed that a warming Arctic was altering the behavior of the...
- 17 April 2014 12:48 pm , Vol. 344 , #6181
- About Us
The Nerve of Him!
7 July 1997 7:00 pm
Camillo Golgi, an Italian physician famed for his microscopic studies of the nervous system, was born on this day in 1843. When he was 30, Golgi invented a technique for staining cells that allowed him to view neurons in fine detail. He discovered the synaptic gap between neurons and identified a cell type, later called Golgi cells, that connects many neurons together. Far ahead of his time, Golgi postulated two types of nerve cells--motor cells and sensory cells--and speculated that axons transmit nerve impulses.
Golgi also discovered a major cellular organelle, known as Golgi bodies, the Golgi apparatus, or the Golgi complex. These stacks of flattened cavities help cells to secrete materials in globs called vesicles. For his work on the nervous system, Golgi received a share of the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine in 1906.
[Source: Roy Porter, Ed., The Biographical Dictionary of Scientists (Oxford University Press, ed. 2, 1994).]