- News Home
13 March 2014 11:08 am ,
Vol. 343 ,
In the shadow of the crisis in Crimea, Ukrainian legislators are weighing a pair of science and education bills that...
Researchers dependent on government funding would face a flat future under the White House's $3.9 trillion budget...
Reservoirs of cells that harbor HIV DNA woven into human chromosomes have become the bane of researchers trying to cure...
Geochemists have now incorporated in their models some details of the way naturally acidic rainwater dissolves rock...
Schizophrenia is a devastating mental disorder that afflicts about 1% of the world's population at one time or another...
Surface tension is a force to be reckoned with, especially if you are small. It enables a water strider to skate along...
- 13 March 2014 11:08 am , Vol. 343 , #6176
- About Us
The Nerve of Him!
7 July 1997 7:00 pm
Camillo Golgi, an Italian physician famed for his microscopic studies of the nervous system, was born on this day in 1843. When he was 30, Golgi invented a technique for staining cells that allowed him to view neurons in fine detail. He discovered the synaptic gap between neurons and identified a cell type, later called Golgi cells, that connects many neurons together. Far ahead of his time, Golgi postulated two types of nerve cells--motor cells and sensory cells--and speculated that axons transmit nerve impulses.
Golgi also discovered a major cellular organelle, known as Golgi bodies, the Golgi apparatus, or the Golgi complex. These stacks of flattened cavities help cells to secrete materials in globs called vesicles. For his work on the nervous system, Golgi received a share of the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine in 1906.
[Source: Roy Porter, Ed., The Biographical Dictionary of Scientists (Oxford University Press, ed. 2, 1994).]