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5 December 2013 11:26 am ,
Vol. 342 ,
An animal rights group known as the Nonhuman Rights Project filed lawsuits in three New York courts this week in an...
Researchers have been hot on the trail of the elusive Denisovans, a type of ancient human known only by their DNA and...
Thousands of scientists in the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) are about to lose their jobs as a result of the...
Dyslexia, a learning disability that hinders reading, hasn't been associated with deficits in vision, hearing, or...
Exotic, elusive, and dangerous, snakes have fascinated humankind for millennia. They can be hard to find, yet their...
Researchers have sequenced and analyzed the first two snake genomes, which represent two evolutionary extremes. The...
Snake venoms are remarkably complex mixtures that can stun or kill prey within minutes. But more and more researchers...
At age 30, Dutch biologist Freek Vonk has built up a respectable career as a snake scientist. But in his home country,...
- 5 December 2013 11:26 am , Vol. 342 , #6163
- About Us
His Research Ran Deep
25 September 1998 8:00 pm
Sunday would have been the 78th birthday of Henry Stommel, an American oceanographer who studied the Gulf Stream and other ocean currents. Stommel applied simple mathematical models to the study of the ocean and determined that the Gulf Stream was not just a marine river of warm water, but also the boundary between cold northern waters and the warm, currentless Sargasso Sea at the center of the Atlantic. His model suggested that currents are active down to the ocean floor, and when he compared these with patterns of air circulation in the atmosphere, he found that the rotation of Earth--or Coriolis forces--creates effects in the ocean similar to those seen in the atmosphere. In 1960 Stommel co-founded the ARIES deep-float experiment, one of the first attempts to systematically measure deep ocean currents. Stommel published The Gulf Stream, a book that summarized his work on ocean currents, in 1965.
[Source: Emily McMurray, Ed. Notable Twentieth Century Scientists. Gale Research Inc. ITP. 1995.]