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6 March 2014 1:04 pm ,
Vol. 343 ,
Antiretroviral drugs can protect people from becoming infected by HIV. But so-called pre-exposure prophylaxis, or PrEP...
Two studies show that eating a diet low in protein and high in carbohydrates is linked to a longer, healthier life, and...
Considered an icon of conservation science, researchers at World Wildlife Fund (WWF) headquarters in Washington, D.C.,...
The new atlas, which shows the distribution of important trace metals and other substances, is the first product of...
Early in April, the first of a fleet of environmental monitoring satellites will lift off from Europe's spaceport in...
Since 2000, U.S. government health research agencies have spent almost $1 billion on an effort to churn out thousands...
Magdalena Koziol, a former postdoc at Yale University, was the victim of scientific sabotage. Now, she is suing the...
- 6 March 2014 1:04 pm , Vol. 343 , #6175
- About Us
Front-Runner of Chinese Physics
19 March 1999 5:00 pm
is the 78th birthday of Xie Xide, a Chinese physicist whose work has helped the field of physics survive and flourish in China.
After receiving her Ph.D. at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1951, Xie returned to China to teach. She directed the solid state physics lab at Fudan University and in 1958 co-authored Physics of Semiconductors, the first book on the subject published in China. During the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976), Xie had to overcome public humiliation and imprisonment, while she also suffered from breast cancer. But she survived and emerged with a growing interest in surface physics after reading Western journals. She helped establish the Modern Physics Research Institute and eight new labs at Fudan.
In 1980, Xie was elected to the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and in 1983 she became president of Fudan University. She published more than 60 research papers and co-authored four other volumes on solid state physics. She also played a pivotal role in organizing the 21st International Conference on Semiconductor Physics in Beijing in 1991.
[Source: Benjamin F. Shearer and Barbara S. Shearer, Eds., Notable Women in the Physical Sciences: A Biographical Dictionary (Greenwood Press, 1997).]