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5 December 2013 11:26 am ,
Vol. 342 ,
Researchers have been hot on the trail of the elusive Denisovans, a type of ancient human known only by their DNA and...
Thousands of scientists in the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) are about to lose their jobs as a result of the...
Dyslexia, a learning disability that hinders reading, hasn't been associated with deficits in vision, hearing, or...
Exotic, elusive, and dangerous, snakes have fascinated humankind for millennia. They can be hard to find, yet their...
Researchers have sequenced and analyzed the first two snake genomes, which represent two evolutionary extremes. The...
Snake venoms are remarkably complex mixtures that can stun or kill prey within minutes. But more and more researchers...
At age 30, Dutch biologist Freek Vonk has built up a respectable career as a snake scientist. But in his home country,...
Since arriving on the island of Guam in the 1940s, the brown tree snake ( Boiga irregularis ) has extirpated native...
- 5 December 2013 11:26 am , Vol. 342 , #6163
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President Hands Out Science, Technology Medals
31 January 2000 7:00 pm
Researchers who plumbed the depths of the Antarctic ozone hole, helped show that modern cells are assembled from once independent life-forms, and created reading machines for the blind were among those awarded National Medals of Science and Technology today by President Bill Clinton.
A dozen investigators won the coveted National Medal of Science, which Congress created in 1959, while four investigators and one company gained the prestigious National Medal of Technology, created in 1980. The winners' contributions "are so profound ... that these medals go only a short way to express the gratitude the nation owes them," said Rita Colwell, director of the National Science Foundation.
Cellular biologist Lynn Margulies of the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, one of two women honored with a science medal, helped win acceptance for the once controversial idea that plant and animal cells are the product of partnerships between ancient, bacterialike organisms. Atmospheric researcher Susan Solomon of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, an unusually young medal winner at 44, was honored for her studies of the South Polar ozone hole. Raymond Kurzweil, founder of Kurzweil Technologies, was recognized with a technology medal for his pioneering work on voice recognition, which has produced many modern aids for the visually impaired. The trio is scheduled to join the other winners at a White House awards ceremony on 14 March.
The other science winners, by field, are: Biology--David Baltimore, California Institute of Technology; and Jared Diamond, University of California, Los Angeles. Chemistry--Stuart A. Rice, The University of Chicago (UC) and John Ross, Stanford University. Economics--Robert M. Solow, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Engineering--Kenneth N. Stevens, MIT. Mathematics--Felix E. Browder, Rutgers University and Ronald R. Coifman, Yale University. Physical Sciences--James W. Cronin and Leo P. Kadanoff, UC.
Other National Medal of Technology winners are: computing innovator Glen Culler, Culler Scientific Systems; Biotech industry pioneer Robert Swanson (deceased); Arpanet founding father Robert Taylor (retired); and Symbol Technologies Inc., for development of laser-read bar codes.