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17 April 2014 12:48 pm ,
Vol. 344 ,
Officials last week revealed that the U.S. contribution to ITER could cost $3.9 billion by 2034—roughly four times the...
An experimental hepatitis B drug that looked safe in animal trials tragically killed five of 15 patients in 1993. Now,...
Using the two high-quality genomes that exist for Neandertals and Denisovans, researchers find clues to gene activity...
A new report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) concludes that humanity has done little to slow...
Astronomers have discovered an Earth-sized planet in the habitable zone of a red dwarf—a star cooler than the sun—500...
Three years ago, Jennifer Francis of Rutgers University proposed that a warming Arctic was altering the behavior of the...
- 17 April 2014 12:48 pm , Vol. 344 , #6181
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Bush Outlines Space Plans
14 January 2004 (All day)
At a gathering at NASA headquarters in Washington, D.C., today, President George W. Bush unveiled his plan to return humans to the moon and then send them on to Mars.
Bush called for NASA to retire the space shuttle by 2010 after completion of the international space station, in preparation for launch of a new Crew Exploration Vehicle by 2014. The new launcher would be the keystone for returning to the moon, sometime between 2015 and 2020. Humans would build a lunar base and stay there for increasingly extended periods of time. "Human beings are headed into the cosmos," he told applauding NASA officials and members of Congress. He did not name a date for a human Mars mission.
Meanwhile, work on the space station will be redirected to prepare for extended human stays in space. Research would focus on understanding the deleterious effects of microgravity on the human body, such as bone loss, and the impact of radiation outside the protection of Earth's atmosphere.
To pay for the new programs, Bush intends to ask Congress for a roughly $1 billion boost to NASA in 2005, followed by annual 5% increases for several years. Retiring the shuttle would free up more funds for exploration efforts at the turn of the decade. NASA Administrator Sean O'Keefe, in a press conference later, appeared exultant if tired. "This afternoon we got a mandate," he said.
A commission led by Pete Aldridge, an aerospace executive and former NASA and Pentagon official, will hammer out details of the exploration plan within 4 months of their first meeting, according to Bush.