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17 April 2014 12:48 pm ,
Vol. 344 ,
Officials last week revealed that the U.S. contribution to ITER could cost $3.9 billion by 2034—roughly four times the...
An experimental hepatitis B drug that looked safe in animal trials tragically killed five of 15 patients in 1993. Now,...
Using the two high-quality genomes that exist for Neandertals and Denisovans, researchers find clues to gene activity...
A new report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) concludes that humanity has done little to slow...
Astronomers have discovered an Earth-sized planet in the habitable zone of a red dwarf—a star cooler than the sun—500...
Three years ago, Jennifer Francis of Rutgers University proposed that a warming Arctic was altering the behavior of the...
- 17 April 2014 12:48 pm , Vol. 344 , #6181
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International Talent Still Welcome
17 May 2006 (All day)
Under pressure from researchers, the U.S. Commerce Department has retreated from new export-control rules that would have made it harder for some foreign scientists to do research in the United States. Instead, the department has decided to appoint a committee of officials from government, industry, and academia to take a comprehensive look at policies aimed at keeping sensitive technologies from falling into the wrong hands. The decision allows universities to continue including foreign nationals in campus research without obtaining export licenses.
In May 2005, the Commerce Department published an "advance notice of proposed rulemaking" in the Federal Register indicating that it was going to implement regulatory changes recommended by the department's Inspector General (IG) to control sensitive technologies more effectively. One of the changes would require universities to obtain export licenses before employing citizens from certain countries including India, China, and Russia. The notice sparked a protest from the academic community (Science, 13 May 2005, p. 938), which argued that such rules would hinder research.
Based on that response, "we thought it would be better to step back from changing this regulation or that and consider more broadly how best to balance national security with openness in research," says David McCormick, under secretary of commerce for industry and security. Among other things, the new committee will review the assumptions underlying current policy on deemed exports and look at how controls on sensitive technologies relate to visa regulations. It will submit its recommendations within a year.
John Vaughn, interim president of the Association of American Universities, welcomes the move. "The original IG recommendations would not only have disrupted research but would have been tantamount to hanging a sign in our university laboratories saying 'Top International Talent Not Welcome,' " he says.