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24 April 2014 11:45 am ,
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Major climate data sets have underestimated the rate of global warming in the last 15 years owing largely to poor data...
The tsetse fly is best known as the vector for the trypanosome parasites that cause sleeping sickness and a disease in...
The National Institutes of Health is revising its "two strikes" rule, which allowed researchers only one chance to...
By stabilizing the components of retromers, molecular complexes that act like recycling bins in cells, a recently...
Fossil fuels power modern society by generating heat, but much of that heat is wasted. Semiconductor devices called...
Researchers are gaining insights into what made Supertyphoon Haiyan so powerful and devastating through post-storm...
Millions around the world got a first-hand look at what it was like to be in Tacloban while it was pummeled by...
- 24 April 2014 11:45 am , Vol. 344 , #6182
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International Talent Still Welcome
17 May 2006 (All day)
Under pressure from researchers, the U.S. Commerce Department has retreated from new export-control rules that would have made it harder for some foreign scientists to do research in the United States. Instead, the department has decided to appoint a committee of officials from government, industry, and academia to take a comprehensive look at policies aimed at keeping sensitive technologies from falling into the wrong hands. The decision allows universities to continue including foreign nationals in campus research without obtaining export licenses.
In May 2005, the Commerce Department published an "advance notice of proposed rulemaking" in the Federal Register indicating that it was going to implement regulatory changes recommended by the department's Inspector General (IG) to control sensitive technologies more effectively. One of the changes would require universities to obtain export licenses before employing citizens from certain countries including India, China, and Russia. The notice sparked a protest from the academic community (Science, 13 May 2005, p. 938), which argued that such rules would hinder research.
Based on that response, "we thought it would be better to step back from changing this regulation or that and consider more broadly how best to balance national security with openness in research," says David McCormick, under secretary of commerce for industry and security. Among other things, the new committee will review the assumptions underlying current policy on deemed exports and look at how controls on sensitive technologies relate to visa regulations. It will submit its recommendations within a year.
John Vaughn, interim president of the Association of American Universities, welcomes the move. "The original IG recommendations would not only have disrupted research but would have been tantamount to hanging a sign in our university laboratories saying 'Top International Talent Not Welcome,' " he says.