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5 December 2013 11:26 am ,
Vol. 342 ,
An animal rights group known as the Nonhuman Rights Project filed lawsuits in three New York courts this week in an...
Researchers have been hot on the trail of the elusive Denisovans, a type of ancient human known only by their DNA and...
Thousands of scientists in the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) are about to lose their jobs as a result of the...
Dyslexia, a learning disability that hinders reading, hasn't been associated with deficits in vision, hearing, or...
Exotic, elusive, and dangerous, snakes have fascinated humankind for millennia. They can be hard to find, yet their...
Researchers have sequenced and analyzed the first two snake genomes, which represent two evolutionary extremes. The...
Snake venoms are remarkably complex mixtures that can stun or kill prey within minutes. But more and more researchers...
At age 30, Dutch biologist Freek Vonk has built up a respectable career as a snake scientist. But in his home country,...
- 5 December 2013 11:26 am , Vol. 342 , #6163
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Could Luring Manchin Boost Coal to Liquid Plant?
9 November 2010 5:30 pm
In exchange for switching to the Republican party, FoxNews reports, Republicans are reportedly offering Senator-elect Joe Manchin, current West Virginia governor, support for a plant to convert coal to diesel fuel that has stalled under Democratic leadership in Washington.
It's one of Manchin's pet projects and could mean big money for the state's coal producers.
"Republicans believe in an 'all of the above' approach to energy," one top Senate aide told Power Play. "And coal-to-diesel could certainly be part of that."
That plant would be built and operated in Mingo County, West Virginia, by Transgas. "This project's success will truly be far-reaching for the coal industry," Governor Manchin said last month.
Making diesel fuel out of coal without capturing the carbon releases twice as much carbon into the atmosphere per gallon of final product as refining gasoline from crude does, Princeton University energy expert Robert Williams told ScienceInsider.
If the plant were to capture the carbon dioxide produced during the production of the fuel, the emissions would roughly equal the emissions from traditionally refined diesel. But a close read of the draft permit and engineering evaluation by the West Virginia Gazette showed that the project has no plans to do so:
"Whatever the permitting process tells us to do is what we'll do," the developer told the paper. Victor said, while conceding that federal and state laws place no limits on carbon dioxide emissions to the air.
The technique is currently used to make 140,000 gallons per day of diesel in facilities owned by Sasol in South Africa. The U.S. Air Force was considering mandating the procurement of fuel using the technique but it has backed away from its plans.
Manchin has denied that he is mulling a party switch, and Senate Republican leadership has denied the story as well.