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17 April 2014 12:48 pm ,
Vol. 344 ,
Officials last week revealed that the U.S. contribution to ITER could cost $3.9 billion by 2034—roughly four times the...
An experimental hepatitis B drug that looked safe in animal trials tragically killed five of 15 patients in 1993. Now,...
Using the two high-quality genomes that exist for Neandertals and Denisovans, researchers find clues to gene activity...
A new report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) concludes that humanity has done little to slow...
Astronomers have discovered an Earth-sized planet in the habitable zone of a red dwarf—a star cooler than the sun—500...
Three years ago, Jennifer Francis of Rutgers University proposed that a warming Arctic was altering the behavior of the...
- 17 April 2014 12:48 pm , Vol. 344 , #6181
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Donations Kickstart Cervical Cancer Program in Rwanda
25 April 2011 4:54 pm
The Rwandan government, in collaboration with two companies, today announced the start of a national cervical cancer prevention program—the first African country to do so. The companies, Merck and Qiagen, will make substantial donations to help vaccinate girls against the human papillomavirus (HPV), which causes cervical cancer, and screen adult women for infection with the virus.
Many countries in the western world have implemented HPV vaccination programs that use either Merck's vaccine Gardasil, or another from GlaxoSmithKline. On paper, the vaccines could save far more lives in developing countries, where Pap smears that help detect early stages of cancer are not commonly used. But the vaccines' cost—more than $300 for three doses—has been a major obstacle.
Under the deal, Merck will donate more than 2 million doses of Gardasil for the first 3 years of a nationwide program targeting girls 12 to 15 years old. Qiagen will contribute 250,000 of its DNA-based HPV screening tests for women ages 35 to 45. Qiagen says the tests are so simple that they can be conducted by people with minimal training even in remote settings.
After 3 years, Rwanda will start paying for the products at discounted prices that have yet to be revealed. Donors are expected to help foot that bill. The companies say they are talking to other poor countries about similar programs.
Rwanda will employ its network of community health workers to distribute the vaccine, the country's health minister, Richard Sezibera, said today on Sarah Bosely's global health blog:
Rwanda has 60,000 community health workers who help get individuals the care they need. They get women to the clinic for antenatal visits. They help children in the villages get their immunization shots. We will work with them to make sure these girls get all the three shots they require.