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10 April 2014 11:44 am ,
Vol. 344 ,
Balkan endemic kidney disease surfaced in the 1950s and for decades defied attempts to finger the cause. It occurred...
The Pyrenean ibex, an impressive mountain goat that lived in the central Pyrenees in Spain, went extinct in 2000. But a...
Tight budgets are forcing NASA to consider turning off one or more planetary science projects that have completed their...
Ebola is not a stranger to West Africa—an outbreak in the 1990s killed chimpanzees and sickened one researcher. But the...
In an as-yet-unpublished report, an international panel of geoscientists has concluded that a pair of deadly...
Tropical disease experts tried and failed before to eradicate yaws, a rare disfiguring disease of poor countries. Now,...
Since 2002, researchers have reported that agricultural communities in the hot and humid Pacific Coast of Central...
- 10 April 2014 11:44 am , Vol. 344 , #6180
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ScienceShot: How Jellyfish Poop Fouls Up the Food Chain
6 June 2011 3:00 pm
April showers bring May flowers, but April pollution brings May jellyfish "blooms." The sudden, seasonal appearance of thousands of the creatures occurs in waters warmed by climate change and in areas where overfishing has removed the food competition for invasive jellies. To study how these blooms affect ocean food chains, researchers examined two species of jellyfish that bloom in the Chesapeake Bay every summer. When these jellyfish dine on zooplankton and other carbon-fixing organisms, they convert the food into a gelatinous, carbon-rich excretion. A few, normally rare species of bacteria quickly eat this waste and convert its carbon into CO2, the researchers report online in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences today. This removes the carbon from the waters, preventing fish and other organisms from using it as a food source, ultimately starving out some sea life.
See more ScienceShots.