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17 April 2014 12:48 pm ,
Vol. 344 ,
Officials last week revealed that the U.S. contribution to ITER could cost $3.9 billion by 2034—roughly four times the...
An experimental hepatitis B drug that looked safe in animal trials tragically killed five of 15 patients in 1993. Now,...
Using the two high-quality genomes that exist for Neandertals and Denisovans, researchers find clues to gene activity...
A new report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) concludes that humanity has done little to slow...
Astronomers have discovered an Earth-sized planet in the habitable zone of a red dwarf—a star cooler than the sun—500...
Three years ago, Jennifer Francis of Rutgers University proposed that a warming Arctic was altering the behavior of the...
- 17 April 2014 12:48 pm , Vol. 344 , #6181
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European Space Agency to Probe Dark and Light
5 October 2011 11:37 am
Europe will launch two missions to study the sun and the mysterious "dark energy" that is speeding the universe's expansion in launch slots slated for 2017 and 2019. The two missions, dubbed Solar Orbiter and Euclid, were selected yesterday by the European Space Agency (ESA) and will now move forward to construction. There were three missions in the running for the two launches, the runner-up is PLATO, an observatory to study planet formation and the conditions for life, which will be retained as a possibility for future launches.
ESA's cosmic vision plan took shape from the sort of missions that were being discussed in the selection process. Solar Orbiter and Euclid will be its first missions and are classed as medium-sized.
Solar Orbiter will go closer to the sun than any previous mission and will study how the sun interacts with its environment. Euclid is a space telescope that will map the large-scale structures of the universe with extreme accuracy, trying to elucidate why the universe is expanding at an ever-increasing rate.