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5 December 2013 11:26 am ,
Vol. 342 ,
Researchers have been hot on the trail of the elusive Denisovans, a type of ancient human known only by their DNA and...
Thousands of scientists in the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) are about to lose their jobs as a result of the...
Dyslexia, a learning disability that hinders reading, hasn't been associated with deficits in vision, hearing, or...
Exotic, elusive, and dangerous, snakes have fascinated humankind for millennia. They can be hard to find, yet their...
Researchers have sequenced and analyzed the first two snake genomes, which represent two evolutionary extremes. The...
Snake venoms are remarkably complex mixtures that can stun or kill prey within minutes. But more and more researchers...
At age 30, Dutch biologist Freek Vonk has built up a respectable career as a snake scientist. But in his home country,...
Since arriving on the island of Guam in the 1940s, the brown tree snake ( Boiga irregularis ) has extirpated native...
- 5 December 2013 11:26 am , Vol. 342 , #6163
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Video: How Parrots Talk
8 December 2011 12:15 am
Parrots have neither lips nor teeth, but that doesn't stop them from producing dead-on imitations of human speech. Now researchers have learned part of the reason: like humans, parrots use their tongues to form sounds. As they report today in The Journal of Experimental Biology, scientists took x-ray movies of monk parakeets, Myiopsitta monachus, South American natives that can be trained to speak but aren't star talkers. The parakeets lowered their tongues during loud, squeaky "contact calls" made when the birds can't see each other and during longer, trilling "greeting calls" made to show a social connection. As seen in the video, the parakeets also moved their tongues up and down while chattering. No other type of bird is known to move its tongue to vocalize. Parrots use their mobile, muscular tongues to explore their environment and manipulate food. Those capable organs, just by coincidence, also help parrots utter greetings in words that even humans can understand.
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