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17 April 2014 12:48 pm ,
Vol. 344 ,
Officials last week revealed that the U.S. contribution to ITER could cost $3.9 billion by 2034—roughly four times the...
An experimental hepatitis B drug that looked safe in animal trials tragically killed five of 15 patients in 1993. Now,...
Using the two high-quality genomes that exist for Neandertals and Denisovans, researchers find clues to gene activity...
A new report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) concludes that humanity has done little to slow...
Astronomers have discovered an Earth-sized planet in the habitable zone of a red dwarf—a star cooler than the sun—500...
Three years ago, Jennifer Francis of Rutgers University proposed that a warming Arctic was altering the behavior of the...
- 17 April 2014 12:48 pm , Vol. 344 , #6181
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Top Stories: Name-Calling Dolphins, a Language Gene, and the Impact of the Sequester
22 February 2013 5:00 pm
This week's roundup begins with some of our favorite stories from the annual meeting of AAAS in Boston. Are we miscounting calories? Will space make you go blind? Do we live inside a mathematical equation? Check out our complete coverage from the meeting, including pictures, podcasts, and 6-Second Science videos!
Researchers have figured out how to get drug-delivering nanoparticles past the immune sentries that wait to gobble them up and thwart their medical missions. A molecular "passport" allows the particles to mimic human cells and sneak past the immune guards so that they can deliver drugs designed to attack tumors and other specific targets.
Lots of studies have shown that girls learn language faster and earlier than boys do. Figuring out exactly why this is so has been difficult as it involves teasing apart the effects of nature versus nurture. But now scientists have found that FOX2P, a gene essential to human communication, expresses itself differently in girls than it does in boys. Although researchers caution against drawing broad conclusions, the discovery may partially explain exactly why language skills vary between the sexes.
Just like humans have names, bottlenose dolphins have signature whistles. Because dolphins are such good mimics, scientists looked into whether they imitate each other's whistles—the aquatic equivalent of calling someone's name. It turns out that they do, but they're much more selective than humans about whose name they call, choosing to imitate only the whistles of their closest social partners. Mothers and calves, and very close male friends, are the only pairs that researchers have seen getting shout-outs so far.
The head of the National Institutes of Health and a key congressional supporter have warned that biomedical research in the United States will be badly damaged if sequestration goes into effect on 1 March. They say that scientific progress will slow and clinical trials will be delayed if the budget cuts proceed as planned.
A Turkish scientist is facing a 25-month prison sentence for forbidding students wearing headscarves from entering his classroom. The scientist says he was simply upholding the Turkish constitution, which does not allow the display of religious symbols or affiliations in government-funded buildings. Turkish academics say his sentence is part of an ongoing conservative government campaign to intimidate secular intellectuals.