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17 April 2014 12:48 pm ,
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Officials last week revealed that the U.S. contribution to ITER could cost $3.9 billion by 2034—roughly four times the...
An experimental hepatitis B drug that looked safe in animal trials tragically killed five of 15 patients in 1993. Now,...
Using the two high-quality genomes that exist for Neandertals and Denisovans, researchers find clues to gene activity...
A new report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) concludes that humanity has done little to slow...
Astronomers have discovered an Earth-sized planet in the habitable zone of a red dwarf—a star cooler than the sun—500...
Three years ago, Jennifer Francis of Rutgers University proposed that a warming Arctic was altering the behavior of the...
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Japan Picks Tohoku Site for International Linear Collider
23 August 2013 12:30 pm
A Japanese committee today recommended a site in Japan's Tohoku region for the International Linear Collider (ILC) -- if the country ends up hosting the facility, which could cost $10 billion.
The ILC is expected to pick up where Europe's Large Hadron Collider leaves off in studies of the Higgs boson and other exotic particles. Physicists in North America, Europe, and Japan agree on the need for the collider and have collaborated in the design stage. Each region would like to host the ILC, but Japan has emerged as the most ardent suitor. It is not clear, however, how the machine will be paid for.
In 2010, Japan's site evaluation committee narrowed the list of candidate sites down to two: one on Kyushu, the southernmost of Japan's four main islands; and the Tohoku site, which would have the collider’s 31-kilometer-long tunnel bored through the Kitakami Mountains. The evaluation committee judged the Kitakami site preferable because of geologic conditions, local infrastructure, and the possibility of making an international scientific community feel at home.
Those backing the Kitakami site are also hoping that some of the billions appropriated by the Japanese government for reconstruction after the 2011 tsunami might be steered to the ILC. Most of Kitakami tunnel would be in Iwate Prefecture, whose coast was battered by the tsunami.
But the decision on how to spend reconstruction money will be up to the politicians, warns Satoru Yamashita, a University of Tokyo physicist who chairs Japan's ILC Strategy Council. And despite Japanese enthusiasm for the project, Yamashita told ScienceInsider that Japan is not going ahead on its own. "It is the ‘international’ linear collider," he says. Only after establishing international partnerships will Japan's government "officially decide to 'go,' " he says.