• 6 Aug 1999

    Today is the birthday of Alexander Fleming, a Scottish bacteriologist born in 1881 who accidentally discovered the antibiotic penicillin, one of the most important medicines of the 20th century.

  • 6 Aug 1999

    Tuberculosis (TB) is spreading at an alarming rate in Russia, according to an international health team that has analyzed the epidemic at one TB clinic. Their findings--published today in the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report of the U.S.

  • 4 Aug 1999

    Some heart disease patients may not be able to grow new blood vessels around blocked arteries because they can't make enough of a vital protein, according to a report in the latest issue of Circulation.

  • 30 Jul 1999

    Some antibiotics have more going for them than their power to kill bacteria.

  • 28 Jul 1999

    Today is the 74th birthday of Baruch Blumberg, an American research physician whose work has led to blood screening and a vaccine against hepatitis B.

  • 28 Jul 1999

    Merck & Co., a pharmaceutical powerhouse that dropped out of the HIV vaccine field in the early 1990s, is aggressively reentering the arena. The company has plans to launch tests of two different vaccines before the end of the year, ScienceNOW has learned.

  • 27 Jul 1999

    A potential AIDS drug called azodicarbonamide not only suppresses HIV but also the human immune system, scientists report in the August issue of Nature Medicine.

  • 26 Jul 1999

    ScienceNOW wishes a happy 21st birthday to the first test tube baby, Joy Louise Brown, who was born in England on 25 July 1978. Brown got her start thanks to an in vitro fertilization technique developed by gynecologist Patrick Steptoe and physiologist Robert G. Edwards.

  • 22 Jul 1999

    The man who coined the term "antibiotics" and pioneered their development was born on this day in 1888. While studying how plant and animal remains decompose in soil, microbiologist Selman Waksman of Rutgers University discovered a menagerie of filamentous soil bacteria.

  • 22 Jul 1999

    The National Institutes of Health (NIH), flush with cash thanks to strong congressional support for biomedicine in recent years, is getting into the synchrotron construction business.

  • 16 Jul 1999

    Research using cells from human embryos received an important seal of approval this week.

  • 14 Jul 1999

    Ticks, already infamous as disease carriers, get another black mark in tomorrow's New England Journal of Medicine. A paper there reports that ticks can infect people with a new, potentially fatal, disease.

  • 14 Jul 1999

    A Ugandan-U.S. drug study among HIV-infected pregnant women in Africa has found the simplest, cheapest way yet to prevent transmission of the AIDS virus to newborns: a single dose of the new drug nevirapine given both to the mother and the child.

  • 13 Jul 1999

    A new flu vaccine sprayed into the nose may be just as good as a shot in the arm, according to a study in this week's Journal of the American Medical Association. Researchers say the painless nasal spray, if approved, might convince more people to get vaccinated.

  • 12 Jul 1999

    Claude Bernard, a French researcher credited with founding the field of experimental medicine, was born on 12 July 1813. While conducting experiments on an animal fed a sugar-free diet, Bernard discovered that the liver stores sugar as glycogen.

  • 7 Jul 1999

    Hoping to nip Africa's biggest polio outbreak in the bud, the World Health Organization (WHO) today announced that it has signed up its first corporate partner in a decades-long effort to eradicate the disease.

  • 29 Jun 1999

    A presidential ethics panel is ready to endorse a tolerant federal policy on the use of human cells extracted from an embryo or aborted fetus.

  • 21 Jun 1999

    WASHINGTON, D.C.--A blue-ribbon panel has concluded that silicone breast implants do not increase the risk of diseases such as lupus or cancer, rejecting a theory invoked in countless claims against manufacturers.

  • 18 Jun 1999

    High levels of the stress hormone cortisol can temporarily impair memory, according to research published in the current issue of the Archives of General Psychiatry.

  • 16 Jun 1999

    Using tactics that paid off earlier for AIDS patients and breast cancer survivors, a trio of famous men who have had prostate cancer appeared on Capitol Hill today to lobby for more research on their disease.

  • 14 Jun 1999


    is the birthday of Sir James Black, a British pharmacologist who revolutionized the treatment of heart ailments and ulcers with his discovery of two important drugs.

  • 7 Jun 1999

    When the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the anti-inflammatory drugs Celebrex and Vioxx earlier this year, it marked the start of a new era of custom-designed pain killers that target a specific enzyme.

  • 4 Jun 1999

    American geneticist Barbara McClintock, who challenged the prevailing theory that genes were stable components of chromosomes with her discovery of "jumping genes," was born on this day in 1902.

  • 2 Jun 1999

    A new drug taken for just a few months has prevented monkeys from rejecting transplanted kidneys. The drug, described in the June Nature Medicine, also lacks the side effects of immunosuppressive drugs, such as heightened vulnerability to infection.

  • 26 May 1999