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17 April 2014 12:48 pm ,
Vol. 344 ,
Officials last week revealed that the U.S. contribution to ITER could cost $3.9 billion by 2034—roughly four times the...
An experimental hepatitis B drug that looked safe in animal trials tragically killed five of 15 patients in 1993. Now,...
Using the two high-quality genomes that exist for Neandertals and Denisovans, researchers find clues to gene activity...
A new report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) concludes that humanity has done little to slow...
Astronomers have discovered an Earth-sized planet in the habitable zone of a red dwarf—a star cooler than the sun—500...
Three years ago, Jennifer Francis of Rutgers University proposed that a warming Arctic was altering the behavior of the...
- 17 April 2014 12:48 pm , Vol. 344 , #6181
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Researchers Solve the Mystery of the Zodiacal Light
16 April 2010 6:01 pm
Zodiacal light—the faint white glow that stretches across the darkest skies, tracing the same path the sun takes—has mystified scientists for centuries. They've known that it is sunlight reflected from a disk of dust spanning the inner solar system from Mercury to Jupiter. They just didn’t know where the dust came from—until now.
Every day, Earth sweeps up about 140 tons of cosmic dust. The particles are mostly 100 micrometers to 200 micrometers in size and made of silicate minerals. Most burn up in the atmosphere, although some survive and end up in micrometeorite collections. To figure out how this dust behaves in the inner solar system, planetary dynamicist David Nesvorný of Southwest Research Institute in Boulder, Colorado, and five colleagues set up a computer model. In addition to being subject to the tug of planetary gravity, microscopic particles orbiting the sun are pushed outward by the pressure of sunlight, dragged inward by their own radiative emissions, and worn down by collisions with other particles. Nesvorný and his colleagues followed particles released in their model from various types of comets or from asteroids and compared the particles’ fates with observations of the zodiacal dust cloud.
Previous studies had suggested that much of the zodiacal light came from the dust of colliding asteroids, but the only way this model could reproduce the great breadth of the zodiacal cloud above and below the plane of the planets was to have the dust come from the comets that orbit in the vicinity of Jupiter’s orbit. Those comets already range much farther from the plane of the planets than asteroids do, and Jupiter’s gravitational effects would drive their dust even farther afield. To make the modeled zodiacal cloud as dense as the real one, the dust had to come from comets falling apart, not just those shedding dust near the sun, the team reports in the 20 April issue of The Astrophysical Journal.
The new modeling has “produced a detailed and convincing case that [90% of] interplanetary dust particles and the hundreds of particles that are now curated on Earth originate from Jupiter family comets,” writes planetary scientist Stanley Dermott of the University of Florida, Gainesville, in an e-mail. Comets throw up the dust veil that creates the zodiacal light, and they supply most of the micrometeorites studied on Earth. Massive numbers of comets may even produce the bright debris disks seen around other stars. Now if only light-polluted skies didn’t deny most people a view of comets’ death glow.