Camel crickets (Pristoceuthophilus marmoratus) use the same appendage to make love and war. The wingless southern California insects battle other males by clamping them between their modified hind legs , which carry two large spines (see video). When the fighting is over, the crickets use the same appendage to grab and hold females for mating , researchers report online this month in Ethology. Males preferentially employ the tactic on non-virgin females, who don't show as much interest in mating as virgin females. That helps them increase their mating success, with both willing and unwilling females.
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