Seven scientists from the fields of astrophysics, nanoscience, and neuroscience have earned the biennially awarded Kavli Prize . Each field gets $1 million in prize money, which is split among the winners. The prize, first commissioned in 2008 by Norwegian philanthropist Fred Kavli's Kavli Foundation , aims to support seminal research picked by an international panel of experts from several countries' national academies. This year's winners were announced today in Oslo. They are:
In astrophysics: David C. Jewitt, University of California, Los Angeles; Jane X. Luu, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT); and Michael E. Brown, California Institute of Technology, for their discovery and description of the Kuiper belt.
In nanoscience: Mildred S. Dresselhaus, MIT, for her work on electron-phonon interactions and thermal transport in nanostructures.
In neuroscience: Cornelia Isabella Bargmann, Rockefeller University; Winfried Denk, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research in Germany; and Ann M. Graybiel, MIT, for their research into the neuronal mechanisms that underlie perception and decision-making.