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17 April 2014 12:48 pm ,
Vol. 344 ,
Using the two high-quality genomes that exist for Neandertals and Denisovans, researchers find clues to gene activity...
A new report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) concludes that humanity has done little to slow...
Astronomers have discovered an Earth-sized planet in the habitable zone of a red dwarf—a star cooler than the sun—500...
Three years ago, Jennifer Francis of Rutgers University proposed that a warming Arctic was altering the behavior of the...
Officials last week revealed that the U.S. contribution to ITER could cost $3.9 billion by 2034—roughly four times the...
An experimental hepatitis B drug that looked safe in animal trials tragically killed five of 15 patients in 1993. Now,...
- 17 April 2014 12:48 pm , Vol. 344 , #6181
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ScienceShot: Olympic Triumph Is a Universal Expression
7 August 2012 12:11 pm
The fist-pumping, chest-swelling, grimacing roar that an Olympic judo player emits after body-slamming his opponent deserves a spot on the list of universally recognized expressions such as anger and happiness, a new study suggests. Researchers asked American and South Korean volunteers—whom psychologists recognize as having strikingly different cultures—to look at pictures of Olympic judo players from 17 countries who had just won matches in the 2004 games. Traditionally, psychologists have described the puffed-up physical reaction to winning—seen in this 2008 Olympics photo of U.S. swimmer Michael Phelps—as "pride." However, when asked to choose among a selection of emotions to describe the players’ reactions, such as anger, joy, surprise, fear, triumph, and pride, the viewers consistently chose "triumph" to describe the expression instead. According to the study, which will be published in next month's issue of Evolution and Human Behavior, pride arises from a positive self-assessment a few moments after combat, generally producing a small smile and an easy, open stance. In contrast, triumph is an instant reaction to winning. By making the winner appear larger and more fearsome, triumph cements social dominance and advertises victory. In other words, we will rock you.
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