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5 December 2013 11:26 am ,
Vol. 342 ,
An animal rights group known as the Nonhuman Rights Project filed lawsuits in three New York courts this week in an...
Researchers have been hot on the trail of the elusive Denisovans, a type of ancient human known only by their DNA and...
Thousands of scientists in the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) are about to lose their jobs as a result of the...
Dyslexia, a learning disability that hinders reading, hasn't been associated with deficits in vision, hearing, or...
Exotic, elusive, and dangerous, snakes have fascinated humankind for millennia. They can be hard to find, yet their...
Researchers have sequenced and analyzed the first two snake genomes, which represent two evolutionary extremes. The...
Snake venoms are remarkably complex mixtures that can stun or kill prey within minutes. But more and more researchers...
At age 30, Dutch biologist Freek Vonk has built up a respectable career as a snake scientist. But in his home country,...
- 5 December 2013 11:26 am , Vol. 342 , #6163
- About Us
He Diverted London's Filth
28 March 1997 8:00 pm
Today is the birthday of Sir Joseph William Bazalgette, an English civil engineer born in 1819 who created a new drainage system for the city of London, greatly improving public health. In the wake of two major cholera outbreaks in 1849 and 1853, Bazalgette was charged with revamping the city's sewer system, which served more than 7 million inhabitants, to avoid dumping sewage into the Thames River near the city. As chief engineer to the London Metropolitan Board of Works, Bazalgette designed the system and had it built over 20 years. His radical plan required 170 kilometers of large-diameter sewers, 70,000 tons of Portland cement, three pumping stations, a new Thames embankment, and outfalls 20 kilometers beyond London Bridge.
[Source: Trevor I. Williams, Ed., A Biographical Dictionary of Scientists (John Wiley & Sons, ed. 3, New York, 1982).]